Biofuel- Ethanol Feedstock, Sugar Cane

Ethanol Production Process 
               The process: fermentation and cellulosic


  –  Sugar cane
(Saccharum officinarum),perennialgrass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical areas. The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes can be used directly to produce ethyl alcohol (ethanol). The by-products from cane sugar processing, namely the straw and bagasse (cane fibres), can be used to produce cellulosic ethanol, a second-generation biofuel.


<<How is the sugar cane processed

Ethanol is produced from biomass mostly via a fermentation process using glucose derived from sugars (sugar cane, sugar beet and molasses), starch (corn, wheat, grains) or cellulose (forest products) as raw materials. In this form, it is renewable.  Synthetic ethanol can also be produced from non-renewable sources like coal and gas.