PETROLEUM- Transporting Crude to Refineries



TRANSPORTING- Crude to Refineries

Advances in exploration and production have helped to locate and recover a supply of oil and natural gas from major reserves across the globe. At the same time, demand for petroleum-based products has grown in every corner of the world. But supply and demand are rarely concentrated in the same place. Transportation therefore is vital to ensuring the reliable and affordable flow of petroleum we all count on to fuel our cars, heat our homes and improve the quality of our lives.  api.org>>

Refinery Receipts of Crude Oil by Method of Transportation
eia.gov / enlarge graphic>>
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eia.gov

 


<<Learn more about Pipelines
– More than 190,000 miles of liquid petroleum pipelines traverse the United States. They connect producing areas to refineries and chemical plants while delivering the products American consumers and businesses need. Pipelines are safe, efficient and, because most are buried, largely unseen. They move crude oil from oil fields on land and offshore to refineries where it is turned into fuels and other products, then from the refineries to terminals where fuels are trucked to retail outlets. Pipelines operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week. api.org>>

<<Learn more about Tankers
– Waterways are the most efficient way of transporting everyday products – from petroleum, grain, coal and farm products to steel, sand, chemicals, and other building supplies – across the country.api.org>>


 

The History of Pipelines
– 1800
– 1900 to 1950
– 1950 to Present
 pipeline101.com