PETROLEUM- Transporting and Infrastructure
by Daniel A. Medina | 10/24/16
…Members of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe have been protesting construction of a $3.7-billion pipeline, which would transport 470,000 barrels of oil each day across four states. They see the pipeline as an environmental and cultural threat to their land, arguing an oil spill would permanently contaminate the reservation’s water supply and that construction of the pipeline would destroy lands where many of their ancestors are buried….Continue reading>>
By Michael McLaughlin | 10/10/2016 03:50 pm ET | Updated 14 hours ago
The Standing Rock Sioux fear the project will taint drinking water and destroy sacred ground.
Transporting Oil and Natural Gas
Advances in exploration and production have helped to locate and recover a supply of oil and natural gas from major reserves across the globe. At the same time, demand for petroleum-based products has grown in every corner of the world. But supply and demand are rarely concentrated in the same place. Transportation therefore is vital to ensuring the reliable and affordable flow of petroleum we all count on to fuel our cars, heat our homes and improve the quality of our lives.
Tankers and pipelines are proven, …Learn more>>
As more pipelines reach shale regions, producers have a cheaper way to move their oil to market.
Movements of crude oil by rail within the United States averaged 443,000 barrels per day (b/d) in the first five months of 2016, down 45% from the same period last year. Fewer shipments of crude oil by rail from the Midwest (PADD 2) to the East Coast (PADD 1) account for about half of the decline. Crude oil shipments by rail have generally decreased since last summer for several reasons…Learn more>>
Volume of crude shipped by rail may double by next year.
by Kyle Ferrar, MPH | May 23, 2016
CA Crude by Rail, from the Bakken Shale and Canada’s Tar Sands to California Refineries
Jun. 3, 2016- The derailment of an oil train in Oregon’s Columbia River Gorge follows a string of fiery accidents in the U.S. and Canada as shipments of crude by rail have increased with more domestic oil production:
Pipeline Construction: Step by Step Guide
The current natural gas pipeline boom gives many homeowners a first row seat to the process of pipeline construction. The rush to move natural gas to markets places pipelines too-close-to home, with construction taking place in backyards, farms, pastures, and right at the mailboxes of residents throughout the country. This page walks you through the process of a natural gas pipeline currently being constructed.
Getting started: After all federal and state level permits are approved and easement agreements or eminent domain condemnations completed, the process…Learn more>>
Step 2: Clear Cutting the ROW
Step 3: Excavating the Trench
Step 5: Obstacles: Roads & Streams
Step 6: Testing & Restoration
By Roar Nybø | Aug 21, 2014
By OGJ editor | August 4,2016
Other Means Of Transport
Pipelines are not the only way to move petroleum and refined petroleum products. The real question is: how do they stack up against the other transportation modes– tank ships and barges, trucks and railroad tank cars?
Approximately 71 % of crude oil and petroleum products are shipped by…Learn more>>
Why Do We Need Pipelines?
Everyone knows the location of their local gas station; your home may be warmed by heating oil or natural gas; and many homes use natural gas for cooking. But did you know that these products – gasoline, home heating oil, and natural gas – travel long distances from refineries and natural gas plants to communities all over the nation through underground pipelines?
These pipelines are the unsung heroes of many utilities – water, sewer, telephone lines, liquid petroleum pipelines and natural gas pipelines – tucked under our streets. They safely go through…Learn more>>
Where Are Pipelines Located?
…Pipelines exist almost everywhere. Natural gas is delivered directly to homes in relatively small diameter distribution lines buried under the street and even your own yard. Larger cross-country transmission pipelines delivering gasoline, home heating oil, or moving crude oil or natural gas are actually easier to find.
Nearly the entire mainline pipe is buried, but other pipeline components such as…Learn more>>
Are Pipelines Safe?
Pipelines are an extremely safe way to transport energy across the country. A barrel of crude oil or petroleum product shipped by pipeline reaches its destination safely more than 99.999% of the time. Pipeline releases decreased more than 60 percent from 2001 to 2012. The number of releases deemed “significant” and “serious”…Learn more>>
The History of Pipelines
Oil Shipments By Rail, Truck, And Barge Up Substantially
Most oil and petroleum products are moved to refineries and consuming areas by pipeline, which is both the safest and most economical means of transporting them. However, due to a shortage of pipeline capacity, more and more oil and petroleum products are being moved by rail, truck, and barge. Those shipments almost…Learn more>>
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Much Of The Country’s Refinery Capacity Is Concentrated Along The Gulf Coast
Number and Capacity of Petroleum Refineries
What Fuels Are Made From Crude Oil?
How Oil Refining Works
…Oil refining separates everything into useful substances. Chemists use the following steps:
Ownership Of U.S. Petroleum Refineries Has Changed Significantly Since 2000
Many refining companies changed substantially between 2000 and mid-year 2013. Some key themes are:
Strategic Petroleum Reserve
In the event of a commercial supply disruption, the United States can turn to the emergency stockpiles of petroleum products managed by the Department of Energy’s Office of Petroleum Reserves (OPR). The mission of the OPR is to protect the United States from severe petroleum supply interruptions through the acquisition, storage, distribution and management of emergency petroleum stocks and to carry out U.S. obligations under the International Energy Program. The OPR manages three stockpiles: the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve, and the Northeast Gasoline Supply Reserve. OPR also manages the Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves. …Learn more>> energy.gov
Quick Facts and FAQ’S energy.gov
Heating Oil Reserve
Of the 6.2 million households in the United States that use heating oil to heat their homes, nearly 80 percent reside in the Northeast region of the country – making this area especially vulnerable to…Learn more>> energy.gov