Hydraulic Fracturing



WHAT ARE THE REGULATIONS IN YOUR STATE FOR FRACKING 

Regulations By State- http://fracfocus.org/regulations-state

 

HYDRAULIC FRACTURING “FRACKING”

Peter J. Wampler, PhD  Associate Professor of Geology, Grand Valley State University

This fracking, basically, is referred to as unconventional gas recovery, because you’re not just collecting gas that’s already out of the rock. It’s being generated by your process of fracking. You’re actually fracturing the rock, propping it open, and that’s what allows you to recover the gas.  continue reading or watch the video

HYDRAULIC FRACK WAMPLER       www.energy-101.org 

 

WHAT IS UNCONVENTIONAL NATURAL GAS

www.ucsusa.org

-Shale Gas

-Tight Gas Sandstone

-Coalbed Methane

-Methane Hydrates

-Biogenic Gas

 

A HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE

Hydraulic fracturing is not new. The first commercial application of hydraulic fracturing as a well treatment technology designed to stimulate the production of oil or gas likely occurred in either the Hugoton field of Kansas in 1946 or near Duncan Oklahoma in 1949.  In the ensuing sixty plus years, continue reading…     fracfocus.org

 

FRACTURING FLUID MANAGEMENT

Fluid Recycling

Advances in flowback fluid treatment technology offer the promise of using flowback fluid for other purposes, rather than simply disposing of it. The use of filtration, reverse osmosis, decomposition in constructed wetlands.  continue reading…   

http://fracfocus.org/hydraulic-fracturing-how-it-works/drilling-risks-safeguards

 

DILUTION AND NEUTRALIZATION OF ADDITIVES 

Once the entire stage of fracturing fluid has been injected, the total volume of acid in an example fracturing fluid from the Fayetteville shale was 0.123%, which indicates the fluid had been diluted by a factor of 122 times before it is pumped into the formation. The concentration of this acid will only…  continue reading… http://geology.com/energy/hydraulic-fracturing-fluids/

 

HYDRAULIC FRACTURING WATER USAGE

The chart below shows estimated water usage in the United States for 2005 by category.  Oil and gas operations are only part of the Mining category which in total comprised about 1% of the total water used in the United States in 2005.  continue reading

http://fracfocus.org/water-protection/hydraulic-fracturing-usage

HYDRAULIC FRACTURING water usage

 

 

HYDRAULIC FRACTURING FLUIDS – COMPOSITION AND ADDITIVES

A wide variety of chemical additives are used in hydraulic fracturing fluids. They include: dilute acids, biocides, breakers, corrosion inhibitors, crosslinkers, friction reducers, gels, potassium chloride, oxygen scavengers, pH adjusting agents, scale inhibitors and surfactants. These chemical additives typically might make up just…continue reading and an explaination of the chart below…  

http://geology.com/energy/hydraulic-fracturing-fluids/

HYDRAULIC FRACTURING compostion and additives

 

 

IS THE RECENT INCREASE IN FELT EARTHQUAKES IN THE CENTRAL US NATURAL OR MANMADE?

By David J. Hayes, Deputy Secretary, U.S. Department of the Interior

Preliminary Findings

USGS’s studies do not suggest that hydraulic fracturing, commonly known as “fracking,” causes the increased rate of earthquakes. USGS’s scientists have found, however, that at some locations the increase in seismicity coincides with the injection of wastewater in deep disposal wells.  continue reading…

 

HIGH VOLUME HYDRAULIC FRACTURING

HIGH VOLUME FRACTURING MI   http://fracfocus.org/sites/default/files/publications/si_1-2011.pdf

 

 

OSHA PROPOSES CRYSTALLINE SILICA RULE, COULD AFFECT HYDRAULIC FRACTURING OPERATIONS

http://www.frackinginsider.com/regulatory/osha-proposes-crystalline-silica-rule-could-affect-hydraulic-fracturing-operations/