Hydraulic Fracturing



WHAT ARE THE REGULATIONS IN YOUR STATE FOR FRACKING
Regulations By State- http://fracfocus.org/regulations-state

 

HYDRAULIC FRACTURING “FRACKING”

Peter J. Wampler, PhD  Associate Professor of Geology, Grand Valley State University
This fracking, basically, is referred to as unconventional gas recovery, because you’re not just collecting gas that’s already out of the rock. It’s being generated by your process of fracking. You’re actually fracturing the rock, propping it open, and that’s what allows you to recover the gas.  continue reading or watch the video

HYDRAULIC FRACK WAMPLER       www.energy-101.org 

 

WHAT IS UNCONVENTIONAL NATURAL GAS
www.ucsusa.org
-Shale Gas
-Tight Gas Sandstone
-Coalbed Methane
-Methane Hydrates
-Biogenic Gas

 

A HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE
Hydraulic fracturing is not new. The first commercial application of hydraulic fracturing as a well treatment technology designed to stimulate the production of oil or gas likely occurred in either the Hugoton field of Kansas in 1946 or near Duncan Oklahoma in 1949.  In the ensuing sixty plus years, continue reading…     fracfocus.org

 

FRACTURING FLUID MANAGEMENT
Fluid Recycling

Advances in flowback fluid treatment technology offer the promise of using flowback fluid for other purposes, rather than simply disposing of it. The use of filtration, reverse osmosis, decomposition in constructed wetlands.  continue reading
http://fracfocus.org/hydraulic-fracturing-how-it-works/drilling-risks-safeguards

 

DILUTION AND NEUTRALIZATION OF ADDITIVES
Once the entire stage of fracturing fluid has been injected, the total volume of acid in an example fracturing fluid from the Fayetteville shale was 0.123%, which indicates the fluid had been diluted by a factor of 122 times before it is pumped into the formation. The concentration of this acid will only…  continue reading… http://geology.com/energy/hydraulic-fracturing-fluids/

 

HYDRAULIC FRACTURING WATER USAGE
The chart below shows estimated water usage in the United States for 2005 by category.  Oil and gas operations are only part of the Mining category which in total comprised about 1% of the total water used in the United States in 2005.  continue readinghttp://fracfocus.org/water-protection/hydraulic-fracturing-usage

HYDRAULIC FRACTURING water usage

 

 

HYDRAULIC FRACTURING FLUIDS – COMPOSITION AND ADDITIVES
A wide variety of chemical additives are used in hydraulic fracturing fluids. They include: dilute acids, biocides, breakers, corrosion inhibitors, crosslinkers, friction reducers, gels, potassium chloride, oxygen scavengers, pH adjusting agents, scale inhibitors and surfactants. These chemical additives typically might make up just…continue reading and an explaination of the chart below…  http://geology.com/energy/hydraulic-fracturing-fluids/

HYDRAULIC FRACTURING compostion and additives

 

 

Man-Made Earthquake Hotspot Revealed: Oklahoma
By Laura Geggel, Senior Writer  |  

The chances of a damaging earthquake occurring in parts of Oklahoma and some neighboring states are just as likely as they are in temblor-heavy California, according to a report by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

The culprit? Man-made activities related to oil and gas productionare creating the shaky conditions in a region of the central and eastern U.S., the USGS seismologists say.

USGS scientists just released their first map…  continue reading…livescience.com

 

 

HIGH VOLUME HYDRAULIC FRACTURING

HIGH VOLUME FRACTURING MI   http://fracfocus.org/sites/default/files/publications/si_1-2011.pdf

 

 

OSHA PROPOSES CRYSTALLINE SILICA RULE, COULD AFFECT HYDRAULIC FRACTURING OPERATIONS
http://www.frackinginsider.com/regulatory/osha-proposes-crystalline-silica-rule-could-affect-hydraulic-fracturing-operations/