HELIUM-3 -The Science


INTRODUCTION

 

 

HELIUM IS A SUPERFLUID

ltl.tkk.fi

HELIUM- intr   The phase diagram of 3He is shown in the figure. Note the logarithmic temperature scale. The dot in the lower right hand corner denotes room temperature and pressure. There are two superfluid phases of 3He, A and B. The line within the solid phase indicates a transition between spin-ordered and spin disordered structures (at low and high temperatures, respectively)…Learn more>>      ltl.tkk.fi

 

SUPERFLUIDS

Man has tried everything to make life better and better… The development of science has made our life very simple. With the increasing use of technology man has reached to very great heights. Every problem can be solved by the application of sciences. The application of science can be seen everywhere. But there are some applications which are not used in our daily life but affect us a lot. One such application is of SUPERFLUIDS. This new quantum mechanical concept has emerged as…Learn more>>    superfluidsiiti.weebly.com

 

HISTORY OF SUPERFLUIDS AND HELIUM-3

Let us go back to the beginning of 20th century when the foundation of superfluidity was laid. The story of superfluid begins in 1908 with liquid helium when a Dutch Physicist KamerlinghOnnes liquefied helium. Two years later he discovered that when helium was cooled below a temperature of 2.2K it would abruptly stop boiling. Further in 1923,…Learn more>>     superfluidsiiti.weebly.com

 

THE POWER OF HELIUM-3

by Benjamin Deniston/ August 15, 2014

larouchepub.com

I want to take a few minutes to get into the issue of helium-3 fusion that Lyndon LaRouche has put on the table, and the Chinese have put on the table, and that we’re emphatically backing and supporting as the most important thing to be done right now. So, in general, fusion power, nuclear reactions in general, fusion and fission, are millions of times more energy dense than any form of chemical fuel, chemical energy, and you get new qualities of energy that allow you to do more types of work than you could possibly do with a lower quality source.

But that being the case, it’s still the fact that not all fusion fuels are created equal. And so, to make sure people are very clear on the importance of helium-3 specifically, we should…Learn more>>

– Second-Generation Fusion Fuels

– 10,000 Years into the Future

– The Helium-3 Age of Mankind

– The Defense of Earth

larouchepub.com

 

HELIUM-3 POWER GENERATION

Helium-3 (He3) is gas that has the potential to be used as a fuel in future nuclear fusion power plants. There is very little helium-3 available on the Earth. However, there are thought to be significant supplies on the Moon. Several governments have subsequently signalled their intention to go to the Moon to mine helium-3 as a fuel supply. Such plans may come to fruition within the next two to three decades and trigger a new Space Race….Learn more>>

– Helium-3 and Nuclear Fusion

– Mining Helium-3 on the Moon

– A Flower in the Darkness?

explainingthefuture.com

 

Isotope Development & Production for Research and Applications (IDPRA)

Supply and Demand of Helium-3

The Department of Energy Isotope Program Fills Critical Government Needs for Helium-3. An Earlier Shortage Has Been Mitigated.

The Department of Energy (DOE) has supplied isotopes and isotope-related services principally to the Nation, but also globally, for more than 50 years. DOE projects its helium-3 (3He) recovery and inventory management activities will meet important Federal demands for several decades to come…Learn more>>     science.energy.gov

 

MINING HELIUM-3

Helium-3 Mining On The Lunar Surface

esa.int

photo: ESA

HELIUM-MOON ESA    The idea of harvesting a clean and efficient form of energy from the Moon has stimulated science fiction and fact in recent decades. Unlike Earth, which is protected by its magnetic field, the Moon has been bombarded with large quantities of Helium-3 by the solar wind. It is thought that this isotope could provide safer nuclear energy in a fusion reactor, since it is not radioactive and would not produce dangerous waste products.

The Apollo programme’s own geologist, Harrison Schmidt, has repeatedly made the argument for Helium-3 mining, whilst Gerald Kulcinski at the University of Wisconsin-Madison is another leading proponent. He has created a small reactor…Learn more>>    esa.int

 

The Moon, Where The Helium-3 From The Sun Is

theastronomist.fieldofscience.com

HELIUM- MOON FIELD SCIENCE   …The energy source they are gathering from the moon is Helium-3 (3He), but they aren’t exactly burning it for fuel as they say. Helium-3 is a light isotope of helium with two protons and one neutron which is suitable as a fusion fuel. I have done some research into the literature to determine just how feasible this 3He mining on the moon is with two specific questions in mind. Why use 3He? Why go to the moon?…Learn more>>  theastronomist.fieldofscience.com

 

China’s 1st Moon Rover Begins Its Exploration –Will It Find Helium-3?

dailygalaxy.com

HELIUM- MOON ROVER    China’s first robotic moon rover 140-kilogram (300-pound) “Jade Rabbit” rover separated from the much larger landing vehicle early Sunday, around seven hours after the unmanned…Read more>>

click to enlarge>>  HELIUM- MOON MAP GALAXY   …Later, the six-wheeled rover will survey the moon’s geological structure and surface and look for natural resources for three months, while the lander will carry out scientific explorations at the landing site for one year. Jade Rabbit, or Yutu, will start sending back data and pictures from Sinus Iridum, or the Bay of Rainbows, a basaltic plain formed from lava that filled a crater…Read more>>

dailygalaxy.com

 

NUCLEAR PHYSICS

High-energy particle accelerator laboratories probe the basic constituents of matter to understand the origins of our universe. Several experiments to be conducted in the near future will use polarized helium-3 as an electron beam target as a way of orienting the spin-axis on the neutron inside of helium-3. These experiments can require months of…Learn more>>     xemed.com